Major Labour Laws

MAJOR LABOUR LAWS


Factories Act 1934:

Applies to Factories employing 10 or more workers involved in manufacturing process.

Shops and Establishment Ordinance, 1969:   

It regulates terms of employment such as hours of work, payment of wages, holidays and overtimes.

West Pakistan Industrial and Commercial employment (standing order) ordinance, 1969:

This cover all industrial and commercial establishments where 20 or more workers are employed. Under this law workers have been classified as permanent, temporary, casual and apprentices.

Industrial Relation Ordinance 2002:

This regulates formation of association by the workers and employers.

Workmen’s Compensation Act 1923:

It applies to all workers of Railways, plantations, Factories, Mines, loading, Unloading and in post office.

Maternity Benefit Ordinance, 1958:

This provides benefits to women workers and regulates their employment and rights during anti-natal and post-natal leave and allowances.

Payment of Wages Act, 1936:

This regulates payment of wages to certain classes of workers whose monthly wages do not exceed Rs. 5000/- P.M.

Road Transport Workers Ordinance, 1961:

This protect the right of drivers, cleaners and conductors engaged in the road transport industries. In 1978 Balochistan Government framed separate rules.

Minimum Wages Ordinance, 1961:

This law regulates wages of all categories of workers. Minimum wages board are established as separate statutory body to fix wages for the working class.

Minimum Wages for Unskilled Workers Ordinance, 1969:

This law requires fixing and regulating minimum wages for unskilled workers. At present minimum wages for unskilled workers fixed to Rs.5000/- per month.

Workers Children Education Cess Ordinance, 1972: This ordinance provides scholarship for workers children. At present Rs.100/- per worker per annum are being collected from the employers where worker getting wages up to Rs.5000/- per month.

Industrial Statistics Act, 1942:

This Act facilitates collection of statistics of industrial units.

Employment of Children Act 1991:

This law regulates certain kind of job for working children whereas prohibits certain occupations for them.

Bonded labour System Abolition Act, 1992:

This Act prohibits forced labour. Bonded labour rules are framed in the year 1995 to regulate the system efficiently. District level committees are constituted to eliminate bonded labour.

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